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Scientist’s record largest coral die off as the sea temperature rises

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Oliver Lanyon, senior ranger in the Great Barrier Reef region for the Queenlsand Parks and Wildlife Service, takes photographs and notes during an inspection of the reef's condition in an area called the "Coral Gardens" located at Lady Elliot Island and 80 kilometers north-east from the town of Bundaberg in Queensland, Australia, June 11, 2015. REUTERS/David Gray/File photo
Oliver Lanyon, senior ranger in the Great Barrier Reef region for the Queenlsand Parks and Wildlife Service, takes photographs and notes during an inspection of the reef’s condition in an area called the “Coral Gardens” located at Lady Elliot Island and 80 kilometers north-east from the town of Bundaberg in Queensland, Australia, June 11, 2015. REUTERS/David Gray/File photo

 

In a blinding development the warm water around Australian seas has virtually killed around 2/3rd of 700km long barrier reef in past 9 months, it is the worst ever die off recorded on the world heritage site, said the scientist surveying the reef said on Tuesday.

According to 2013 Deloitte Access Economics Report, their finding of die off in the reef’s north is a giant blow for tourism at reef which in spending each year attracts about A$5.2 billion. The corals are essentially cooked said professor Andrew Baird, a researcher at James Cook University who was indeed a part of the reef surveys.

This has been the world’s worst natural disaster which has been recorded in undersea living systems.

He further said the die off was “almost certainly” the biggest recorded ever anywhere in the world because of the size of barrier reef, which at 134,499 sq miles is the largest coral reef.

According to the scientists the worst affected are the northern seas of Australia and least affected are the central seas.

Image Source: reuters
Image Source: reuters

The main reason of coral die down is the increasing water temperature which forces corals to spit the living algae out and results in calcifying of coral which leads to whitening and coral death. The process is called beaching and the process occurs when water becomes too warm. But as per estimates the global warming may lead to temperature rise in the sea which will leave sensitive underwater ecosystem unable to recover.

Seeing the report the world has gone into a screeching halt.

UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee stopped short of placing the Great Barrier Reef on an “in danger” list in May last year but have asked the government of Australia for a latest update on its progress in protecting the reef.

Spokesperson for Environment Minister Josh Frydenberg said that Australia will lodge the above asked update on Friday. During an election campaign in June, PM Malcolm Turnbull promised to spend ASD 1 billion in order to safeguard the reef.

Climate scientists claim that expanded carbon dioxide in the atmosphere traps heat radiating from earth, leading to global warming. Because of the Australia’s reliance on coal-fired power plants of electricity, it becomes one of the largest carbon emitters per capita.

Environmentalist Charlie Wood, director of 350.org, an anti fossil fuels movement said, “Climate change is killing the Great barrier reef.”

The mining and burning of coal, oil and gas is damaging the climate. If we want coming generation to enjoy the Great Barrier Reef, we should act now to keep fossil fuels in the ground, said wood in an email.

Now more & more scientists have been deployed in the study of corals and they will be presenti

 

Article By: Dakshita

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03 DEC, 2016 – 12:25pm

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